Hiking or trekking are adventure sports with a large number of practitioners. In fact, more and more people are practicing it. It is an ideal sport to improve and maintain our physical shape while we are in full contact with nature. In all regions of the country, there are routes of all levels that allow this experience to a large number of people who take advantage of weekend breaks, bridges and holiday periods.
Although it is not an extreme sport in most cases, the terrain is usually irregular and when we find ourselves in a natural environment, we are at the mercy of the weather or any unforeseen event.
To ensure a pleasant experience, it is necessary to bear in mind that you must have a basic equipment essential when hiking or trekking: But first do not miss this quick guide to first aid in the mountains. All information is welcome. Prevention is better than cure!(read also)
BASIC TEAM NECESSARY TO PERFORM TREK
It is convenient that you do not wear very tight clothes, since the continuous rubbing when walking can cause your wounds, especially when you have very sweaty skin. It is also not desirable that you use the other end, the clothes very loose, since it depends on the state of the road you can suffer snags, stumbles, etc. Avoid short sleeves or suspenders or you’ll probably end up with scratches and irritations (in the best of cases) by the sun.
Pants: Choose the size well, and make sure they are waterproof. If they have several pockets, the better. So you can have immediately available small tools or guidance equipment (compasses, GPS, mobile, etc.)
T-shirts: Long-sleeved and breathable: avoid excessive sweating and help keep you cool.
Boots/footwear: Probably the most necessary part of clothing and probably the most common mistake for beginners hiking. Remember that you are going to walk through natural lands that are not paved, so they will be irregular. Make sure your boots protect your ankles and thus avoid sprains or strains. Your boots have to have a wide sole that protects the sole of your feet. Try to make them waterproof. If the heat makes this option undesirable, use specific hiking sandals, which are popularly known as crabeater.
Socks: The most important thing is to absorb the sweat to avoid getting wounds as well as to be smooth and your size, so they do not fall or fold. The fabric will depend on the time of year in which you find yourself.
Raincoat or raincoat: beware of passing storms. They are not easy to predict and you can get caught in the middle of the road. This clothes weighs little and will not take up a lot of space in your backpack.
In this article, you will also find the 10 things you should carry in the backpack if you go to the mountain.
Under no circumstances should you have water in your backpack. Hydration is essential, especially in times of high heat. It also carries some food, which is energetic. It does not have to be artificial, like bars or gels, the fruit will hydrate you in addition to providing you with natural glucose.
You should wear sunscreen and sunglasses, even when you do not think there is a danger. Unless it is a night walk, you will be many hours under the sun. Give yourself cream every two hours maximum, or after wetting yourself. You want to live a pleasant experience, not increase the risk of melanoma. For the same reason, add something to your team to cover your head: caps, hats, handkerchiefs, you will avoid headaches … literally
You will also need a flashlight with batteries. If you have not planned the trip well (something essential) or go on a night route, you will need a flashlight. Also a small kit with anti-diarrheal medicines, material to heal wounds (disinfectants, gauze, tape, band-aids, etc.), antipyretics, analgesics, antihistamines, energy gels, and water purification tablets. This does not need that you take all the group, with that one will be enough, but make sure you put everything you need.
It is convenient that you bring one or two trekking poles. Its usefulness is that they will help you distribute the weight on ascending and descending slopes and will avoid injuries. You will improve your balance and with them, you will allow your arms to help your legs, which are the ones that will do the most work, you will reduce the fatigue of these and also increase the muscles of your upper body (all advantages!).
There are all kinds, but try to be lightweight (aluminum or carbon), telescopic, with breathable grip, with secure closure and the tip of the video. You must be careful with them if you are going to use them in the snow.
Nowadays it seems obvious but takes mobile. It does not need to be the latest model although it is already recommended that it be a smartphone with internet access. It is not to consult the Facebook and the Whatsapp every two minutes, although some / a see it necessary.
It is in case something happens: you get lost, someone is injured and can not keep walking, etc. and you have to ask for help or rescue. Also, if you have good coverage, Google Maps or the compass will come to you from pearls. Some have a pedometer, or you can put one of those “wearables” accessories.
With this basic hiking equipment, you will be ready to enjoy your experience safely!